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» » The British Discovery of Buddhism
The British Discovery of Buddhism e-book

Author:

Philip C. Almond

Language:

English

Category:

Spirituality

Subcategory:

Buddhism

ePub size:

1604 kb

Other formats:

lrf docx lrf mobi

Rating:

4.9

Publisher:

Cambridge University Press (August 26, 1988)

Pages:

200

ISBN:

0521355036

The British Discovery of Buddhism e-book

by Philip C. Almond


This book examines the British discovery of Buddhism during the Victorian period. Almond does not explore in this brief study the actual practice of Buddhism in 19c British Isles, nor does he relate the teachings themselves.

This book examines the British discovery of Buddhism during the Victorian period. It was only during the nineteenth century that Buddhism became, in the western mind, a religious tradition separate from Hinduism. As a result, Buddha emerged from a realm of myth and was addressed as a historical figure. Rather, he focuses on their critical reception, not by adepts but by academics and bureaucrats.

Almond, Philip C. 2000. Druids, Patriarchs, and the Primordial Religion. This book examines the British discovery of Buddhism during the Victorian period. Journal of Contemporary Religion, Vol. 15, Issue.

This is the first book to examine the British discovery of Buddhism during the Victorian period. It was only during the nineteenth century that Buddhism became, in the western mind, a religious tradition separate from Hinduism

This is the first book to examine the British discovery of Buddhism during the Victorian period. As a result, Buddha emerge from a realm of myth and was addressed as a historical figure. Almond's exploration of British interpretations of Buddhi This is the first book to examine the British discovery of Buddhism during the Victorian period

Almond, Philip C. (1988). The British discovery of Buddhism. Machine derived contents note: Preface. 1. The discovery of Buddhism. Australian/Harvard Citation. 2. Buddhism and the 'oriental mind'. 3. The Buddha - from myth to history. 4. The Victorians and Buddhist doctrine.

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This book examines the British discovery of Buddhism during the Victorian period.

Автор: Almond, Philip C. Название: The British discovery of Buddhism, Издательство: Cambridge Academ . The book illuminates the historical, social, and cultural contexts within which Buddhism has operated as a major social and cultural force among the Mongols.

The book illuminates the historical, social, and cultural contexts within which Buddhism has operated as a major social and cultural force among the Mongols.

Almond's exploration of British interpretations of Buddhi This is the first book to examine the British discovery of Buddhism during the Victorian period. As a result, Buddha emerge from a realm of myth and was addressed as a historical figure

Book · January 2007 with 30 Reads

Book · January 2007 with 30 Reads. Publisher: Cambridge University Press. Cite this publication. The University of Queensland. 118+ million publications.

Author: Philip C. Almond. 2 Buddhism and the 'Oriental mind'. Second, part of the purpose of this book is to demonstrate as precisely as possible the way in which the scholarly analysis of Buddhism was influenced by the object it created, and the discourse that defined that object. Buddhist scholarship was not only the cause but also the effect of that which it brought into being - Buddhism.

This is the first book to examine the British discovery of Buddhism during the Victorian period. It was only during the nineteenth century that Buddhism became, in the western mind, a religious tradition separate from Hinduism. As a result, Buddha emerge from a realm of myth and was addressed as a historical figure. Almond's exploration of British interpretations of Buddhism--of its founder, its doctrines, its ethics, its social practices, its truth and value--illuminates more than the various aspects of Buddhist culture: it sheds light on the Victorian society making these judgements.
White_Nigga
If you're somehow interested in any presence of _Buddhism in the Western World, you should read this little gem. Although it's very concise, this book offers a splendid context of how that process happened in England. Quite interesting to find out some information, for example, how darwinism was crucial to the positive reception of the Buddha's word.

If you're into academic aspects of Buddhism this is great. If you're curious about the topic, I promise you won't be disappointed. It's always good to know new info everyday.
Pringles
This is a great, concise, yet incredibly profound history of "Western" Buddhism. For good or bad...
Heri
This monograph surveys the Victorian reaction. Up to about 1840, the "discovery" of a vast religion in the East depended for its export upon incantations, idolatry, and superstition to peddle its shiny wares to an English public. Then, this emphasis on decadence shifted into an "ideally construed Orient." That is, progressive Christianity aligned against a decayed Buddhism, fallen into suspiciously Romish parallels in "Lamaism" as opposed to a purer, primitive Theravada strain closer to its founder. The Reformation in Europe seemed to find a ghosted pattern in Mahayana Buddhism, as degeneration into worship and images, in the eyes of Victorian interpreters, who countered the "ideal textual Buddhism of the past with its contemporary Eastern instances." (40)

As the historical Buddha was pinpointed thanks to archeologists and historians, by 1840, he becomes a "textual presence." Critics analyzed the Bible, India fell under imperial sway, and geology and biology colored how scholars approached religious texts and rituals. Etymology, geography, and exploration helped determine a Buddha within time and place in India. Mythological suppositions faded; by the 1870s, the Buddha as we generally accept his setting and lifespan now had been located.

From "out there" in the Orient, Buddha migrated from a mystical Other to a figure perceived as part of Western power--for European scholars began to translate and publish primary texts. The West controlled Buddhism's past. The British believed they had rescued the texts from their dissolute holders, the idolaters of the present Asian practitioners of a feebler dharma. From being sent Eastern legends to Western readers, European guardians kept what was sent and improved upon it, scouring with dictionaries and grammars the tainted overlays that obscured the Buddha's original message.

Not that this message was accepted. Rather, it often suffered by comparison to secular, rational, or scientific sources--if not Christian ones. Buddhism aroused fear within secular as well as Christian hearers, for it seemed to undermine the impact of religion as a motivating force to save a people from corruption. Idealistic as Buddha may have been, Victorians tended to regard his followers as fallen.

No matter the slant, the British tended to favor a textually constrained angle. This fidelity to an earlier source became--similar to biblical criticism emerging by the 1870s--the criterion against which to test the texts. The southern manifestations as closer to a Protestant attitude gained, understandably, favor in Victorian eyes; those further north were relegated to a more lax judgment in the eyes of critical British students.

Being 1988, Almond published this study with an eye to Orientalism and the counter-reaction to this. He uses academic jargon sparingly, however. Although written for an audience assumed familiar with Buddhism and Victorian history, this book remains accessible for the inquirer outside these fields. Illustrations and maps could have enriched this short work; I suspect a limited press run for their lack.

Almond does not explore in this brief study the actual practice of Buddhism in 19c British Isles, nor does he relate the teachings themselves. Rather, he focuses on their critical reception, not by adepts but by academics and bureaucrats. Yet, he also delves into such as "The Penny Cyclopedia" attentively to track the progress of knowledge of Buddhism as recorded within editions of popular reference works. He also relates the unease such progress revealed to a populace confident in their own values and mindset.

Victorian pride tended to diminish the contributions of this burgeoning faith, three hundred million strong then, that threatened to rival Christianity in numbers. Almond passes over reactions of everyday citizens to Buddhism; perhaps this would have been minimal to non-existent for nearly all British folks. A wider social history may have not been possible given the practical gulf between everyday lack of knowledge of Buddhism and that--half comprehended, half distorted-- filtering into the libraries of a few intellectuals or missionaries. However, this gradual awareness of Buddhism has taken two centuries perhaps to filter into even the mindset of a small minority of people in the Isles in any "true" fashion.

Almond shows how slow a process this construction of Western Buddhism has been. He also sets the scene for why-- given formidable challenges in language and culture-- the Victorians, in their own way, attempted to begin at least to understand this complex tradition. They stressed its morality, its seeming atheism, its philosophical emphases on nothingness, its preoccupation with human nature and its taming control. No less than these inquiring predecessors, we view Buddha in the West through similarly challenging preoccupations of our age.

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