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Introduction to Phenomenology e-book


Robert Sokolowski







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Cambridge University Press; First Edition edition (October 28, 1999)





Introduction to Phenomenology e-book

by Robert Sokolowski

Unlike some introductory texts which focus on introducing the field's major thinkers and their work, Sokolowski's approach is thematic looking at phenomenology's questions and terminology rather than its historic personages.

Introduction to Phenomenology book. This book presents the major philosophical doctrines.

Phenomenology: An Introduction, written by Stephan Käufer & Anthony . This book presents the major philosophical doctrines of phenomenology in a clear, lively style with an abundance of examples.

Phenomenology: An Introduction, written by Stephan Käufer & Anthony Chemero. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, Vol. 47, Issue. Robert Sokolowski, Catholic University of America, Washington DC. Publisher: Cambridge University Press. Online publication date: June 2012.

Robert Sokolowski (3 May 1934 - ) is the Elizabeth Breckenridge Caldwell Professor of Philosophy at The Catholic University of America and a monsignor of the Roman Catholic Church. An author published in a variety of sub-disciplines of philosophy, he is noted mainly for his interpretation of Husserl, named "East-Coast Husserlianism.

Phenomenology is a foundation of constructivism with its position that society is a human construction, and that sociology itself and its theories and methods are also constructions (Moran, 2001) In phenomenology, qualitative approaches are used to gain insight into the microdynamics of particular spheres of human life (Langsdorf, 1995) much as this study sought to explore the meaning of the social world for.

This book presents the major philosophical doctrines of phenomenology in a clear, lively style with an abundance of examples. It also studies personal identity as established through time and discusses the nature of philosophy.

The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology: An Introduction to Phenomenological Philosophy. Edmund Husserl, David Carr. File: PDF, 2. 9 MB. Husserl's Phenomenology (Cultural Memory in the Present).

Sokolowski Introduction to Phenomenology - Free ebook download as. .OUTLINE OF THE BOOK My introduction to phenomenology generally uses the terminology formulated by Husserl, which ha.

Sokolowski Introduction to Phenomenology - Free ebook download as PDF File . df), Text File . xt) or read book online for free OUTLINE OF THE BOOK My introduction to phenomenology generally uses the terminology formulated by Husserl, which has become standard in the move- ment. In chapter 1, I discuss intentionality, the central issue in phenomenology, and explain why it is an important topic in our current philosophical and cultural situation.

This book presents the major philosophical doctrines of phenomenology in a clear, lively style with an abundance of examples. The book examines such phenomena as perception, pictures, imagination, memory, language, and reference, and shows how human thinking arises from experience. It also studies personal identity as established through time and discusses the nature of philosophy. In addition to providing a new interpretation of the correspondence theory of truth, the author also explains how phenomenology differs from both modern and postmodern forms of thinking.
An excellent introduction that, rather than giving an introduction to phenomenologists (which can be useful, no doubt), gives an introduction to phenomenology, concept by concept, and in very clear language that does not really presuppose much philosophical background.
A more thorough understanding of phenomenology will, of course, require that the reader go to the sources themselves (pun intended), but a little book like this is indispensable for the average person who wants to go on to those more advanced works.
The text to get if you want to understand Phenomenology itself and not just how other philosophers have approached it. Think of it as a more sophisticated version of a _____ for Dummies book - after reading you will not only know about phenomenology but will be able to do basic phenomenological investigation and reflection on your own.
Skunk Black
Caught within a trap of it's own making, western thought is faced with the task of re-negotiating the rough waters of reality.. sending thinkers scrambling for fresh perspectives. Thus, it was with gusto that I picked up the book, 'An Introduction to Philosophy,' by Robert Sokolowski. Although the roots of this school can be traced back to Kant, it was Husserl and Heidegger who developed phenomenology into a specific school of thought.

Mr. Sokolowski provides insights into this unique school of thought in a guide written specifically for the lay reader. He begins his account with an initial working definition of phenomenology and how the school arose, stating that 'phenomenology is the study of human experience and of the ways that things present themselves to us in and through experience' (Sokolowski). It arose as a contrast to the Cartesian school which has dominated western thought since Descartes. In the Cartesian school 'we are told that when we are conscious, we are primarily aware of ourselves or our own ideas.... Our consciousness, first and foremost, is not of anything at all. Rather, we are caught in what has been called an egocentric predicament, all we can really be sure of at the start is our own conscious existence and the states of consciousness.' (Sokolowski). As Emerson wrote in his essay, 'Experience,' 'we have learned that we do not see directly, but mediately, and that we have no means of correcting these colored and distorting lenses which we are...' In other words, in the cartesian view experience of the outer world is negated. To all intents and purposes the world could merely be an illusion to the cartesian self.

In contrast, phenomenology seeks to restore the validity and reliability of self as an experiencing subject, in which the world appears as it is. First it establishes that consciousness is 'consciousness of objects.' 'Things do appear to us, things are truly disclosed, and we, on our part, do display, both to ourselves and to others, the way things are.'.... It recognizes the reality and truth of phenomena, the things that appear.' (Sokolowski)

Mr. Sokolowski continues to share his insights on phenomenology by discussing how things appear to the self. He also defines terms that are important to understanding of this school of thought. These terms include intentionality, absence and presence. He then provides a phenomenological perspective on perception, language, memory, identity, and time, which includes both temporal time and time consciousness.

I found the chapter on time particularly intriguing. In phenomenology there are three levels of time. The first level is world time, which is the time of clocks and calendars. The second is internal time or subjective time. The third level is called the consciousness of internal time. Interestingly enough world time is dependent on subjective time as the subjective experience of it is given metaphysical priority. It connects our experiences giving us the feeling of 'a flowing nature of time, leading ultimately to a consciousness of self experiencing the world. According to phenomenology if we did not have this subjective experience of time then we would not get a sense of duration, or a continual time process. (Everything around us would instead).... 'be nothing but momentary flashes.' (Sokolowski) Time is given priority by phenomenology because it serves as a compass which we use to navigate our experience of the world with.

In his final chapters Mr. Sokolowski discusses the phenomenology of reason, as well as illustrating the importance of the phenomenological perspective to philosophy. He also illustrates how phenomenology influenced thinkers such as Sartre, Derrida, as well as hermeneutics.

There were times when the reading became tedious, and sometimes it was difficult to keep certain terms straight. For instance, phenomenology's definition of intention is not the same as the 'natural' definition. In phenomenology intentionality means consciousness of something. Sometimes it was difficult to remember this definition and other terms as I continued to read. A glossary of important terms would have assisted a lay reader in remembering these definitions. However, I liked the examples that Mr. Sokolowski used in his attempt to illustrate the phenomenological perspective in action. I also liked the conversational style of writing he utilized. The reader doesn't feel like he is being talked down to.

Phenomenology may or may not be the final say on reality... but it is worth contemplating.. and in this thought provoking guide Mr. Sokolowski has provided the reader with the tools this perspective uses for reflection.
The phenomenological tradition, an oft used misnomer for "Continental Philosophy," diverges from Analytic philosophy in dramatic ways. One commentator stated, possibly disparagingly, that the Analytic side is all about problems while the Continental side is all about proper names. Regardless of that statement's veracity (both traditions seem equally addicted to eminent names), newcomers to phenomenology, or even to the Continental tradition altogether, will find the fibers of this book almost unsullied by proper names. In near defiance to the stereotype above, it seems populated with problems. For many of these it even suggests solutions. Though phenomenology comprises only part of the entire Continental lineage, it nonetheless played a massive role in that tradition's development. Heidegger and Sartre, names known everywhere, founded their thought in phenomenology and simultaneously expanded its influence and scope. Anyone desiring to understand either major figure's thought should ground themselves in the concepts, terminology, and approach of this introduction.

Human experience provides the basis for phenomenology. No matter how "elevated" the cognition, in phenomenology our shared human faculties provide the foundation. In stark contrast to Cartesian, Humean, and Hobbesian conceptions, phenomenology puts full trust in our sensory experiences. This idea gets emphasized and reemphasized throughout the book. Not only that, most concepts receive illumination through repetition and other literary devices. This elucidates the subject matter to an exponential degree as well as moistening up what could have been a very dry read. It proves that the experience of reading about experience can entertain.

Intentionality, the first chapter's subject, provides a good starting block for phenomenology. This concept connects our consciousness to the world. It essentially means that consciousness is consciousness "of" something. We're connected to the thing experienced, and our experiences make up a part of that thing's being. Our beings criss-cross and validate each other. The implications of this get discussed in great detail. Following this, the discussion explodes into phenomenology's three crucial structures: Parts and Wholes, Identity in Manifolds, and Presence in Absence. These three found the remaining discussions, from the Natural versus the Phenomenological Attitude, Categorial Intentionality, ego consciousness, and temporality, to the lifeworld, evidence, Eidetic Intuition, and intersubjectivity. Later chapters build on early ones. The whole edifice comes together in the final chapters. In true fashion, the parts found and construct the whole. Though not everything attains lucidity. The almost mystical notion of "Internal Time Consciousness" apparently requires more discussion than this book allows. Regardless, everything comes back to intentionality and the three basic structures.

Although the discussion evades proper names for the most part, an appendix provides a short history of the field from Husserl to the present. The book in general follows Husserlian terminology. Overall, the unorthodox approach taken here fits well with the subject matter. Phenomenology is something that people can actually perform. Some consider it a science. In places, the discussion even attempts to expand natural sciences to a new level based on human experience. It even suggests in one place that modern indeterminancy in science originates from science's disinterest in the variation of human experience. Obviously not everyone will find the arguments, or even phenomenology itself, convincing. But as a reaction to "mind in a box" epistemology it at least provides a refreshing new perspective. It also puts the human being in the world fully connected. We are reality, reality is us. Anyone who wants insight into one of Continental philosophy's most influential movements should read this book cover to cover and repeat.
`Introduction to Phenomenology' by Robert Sokolowski is an outstanding introduction to phenomenology, providing an accessible and helpful entry point to this important aspect of continental philosophy.

Unlike some introductory texts which focus on introducing the field's major thinkers and their work, Sokolowski's approach is thematic looking at phenomenology's questions and terminology rather than its historic personages. Readers interested in a more detailed and historically focused introduction to phenomenology may enjoy a series of MP3 audio lectures by John Drabinski's "Between Husserl and Heidegger' (available on-line).

Overall, this is an outstanding introduction to phenomenology; it is clear, concise and helpful. I highly recommend it for all readers new to this subject as well as those that have questions in this area.

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